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August 22, 2005

Ch. XX. Q. 119. Survey of Effects

IN this survey of the effects of the passion effects are included which it alone made possible, but the actualization of which has been, and is being, achieved through the further mysteries of our Lord's victory over death, His heavenly priesthood, and the sacramental dispensation of saving grace. They may be divided broadly under two heads: (a) the remedy of our sinfulness and the restoration of the divine likeness in us; (b) the rectification of our personal relations, both to Satan and to God.1

2. By way of remedy for sin and of its effects upon ourselves,2 (a) our consciences are cleansed by the blood of Christ;3 (b) our spiritual wounds are healed by the infusion of Christ's life-giving Manhood, perfected through suffering;4 (c) we are strengthened against the power of concupiscence, so that we can serve God without sin.5

3. By way of restoring the divine likeness in us, the grace and righteousness of Christ are imparted.6 We are (a) regenerated through incorporation into Christ's body, thereby being endowed with sanctifying grace;7 (b) progressively sanctified and perfected in righteousness, by the power of sacramental grace, and through self-discipline, proceeding from faith and repentance;8 (c) conformed to the Image of God, His beloved Son, by adoption and grace, and thus made fit for divine communion and fellowship.9

4. By way of deliverance from Satan,10 (a) we are redeemed by the ransom of Christ's blood from sin, and therefore from Satan;11 (b) Christ has conquered Satan in our behalf, obtaining victory over the death which Satan inflicted;12 (c) in Christ we are increasingly enabled to resist the temptations of Satan, and to endure death victoriously in the power of an endless life offered up to God.13

5. By way of restoration to divine favour, and achievement of acceptable sacrifice of ourselves to God,14 Christ (a) bore our sins on the Cross;15 (b) fully expiated them, so as to become the place of our propitiation;16 (c) made reconciliation between us and the Father, so that in Him we can forever enjoy the privileges which pertain to the sons of God.17

6. By His own blood Christ once for all entered into the true Holy Place,18 and now offers to the Father His Manhood, and us in it, with perpetual intercession.19 This Manhood is an acceptable oblation to the Father because of the passion by which it has been perfected and consecrated, and by which it is indelibly marked in glory.20 On earth, we offer up the same Manhood, and ourselves in sacramental union with it, through the eucharistic mystery, in which we make a memorial of Christ's death, and receive its benefits.21

1 R.W. Dale, Atonement, note B, gives a full survey of biblical texts ad rem.

2 St. Thomas, III. xlix. 1; Bp. Pearson, Creed, fol. p. 74; J.P. Norris, Rudiments of Theol. pp. 194-197, 204-209; R.W. Dale, Lec. viii.

3 Zech. xiii. 1; St. Matt. xxvi. 28; St. Luke xxiv. 46-47; St. John i. 29; 1 Cor. xv. 3; Gal. i. 4; Ephes. i. 7; Heb. ix. 22-28; 1 St. John i. 7-9; Revel. i. 5; vii. 14.

4 Num. xxi. 8-9; Isa. liii. 5; St. Luke x. 30-35; St. John i. 12-13; iii. 14-16; Rom. v. 6; 2 Cor. v. 17; Gal. vi. 15; Tit. iii. 5-6; 1 St. Pet. ii. 24; 1 St. John v. 11; Revel. xxii. 2.

5 Rom. viii. 4; Col. 21-22; 1 St. Pet. ii. 24; Ephes. v. 25-27.

6 St. Thomas, III. xix. 3-4; xlviii. 1; W. Bright, Sermons of St. Leo, n. 80; J.P. Norris, pp. 79-81, 223-225.

7 Isa. liii. 11; Jerem. xxiii. 5-6; xxxiii. 14-16; Rom. iii. 21-26; v. 21.

8 Acts ii. 33, 38; Rom. vii. 14-23; Ephes. v. 25-27; Tit. ii. 14; Heb. x. 10, 14-17; 1 St. Pet. i. 2.

9 Rom. viii. 28-30: Ephes. iii. 7, 11-13; iv. 24; Col. iii. 3, 10; Heb. ii. 10-11; x. 19-20.

10 St. Thomas, III. xlviii. 4-5; Thos. Jackson, Works, vol. VII. pp. 434-436, 505-507; P.G. Medd. One Mediator, §§ 175-176; J.P. Norris, pp. 81-84, 197-204, 209-212, 227-231, 268-272.

11 St. Matt. xx. 28; St. John x. 11, 15, 18; Acts xx. 28; Ephes. i. 6-7; Col. i. 13-14; 1 Tim. ii. 5-6; Tit. ii. 13-14; Heb. ix. 12; Revel. v. 9.

12 Psa. cvii. 16; St. Luke x. 17-20; St. John xii. 31-32; xiv. 30; Col. ii. 15; Heb. ii. 14-15.

13 Job xix. 25-27; 1 Cor. xv. 54-57; Ephes. ii. 5-6; Col. iii. 1-4; 2 Tim. i. 10; Heb. vi. 19-20; Revel. xxi. 4.

14 St. Thomas, III. xxii. 3-4; xlviii. 2-3; xlix. 3-4; A.P. Forbes, Nicene Creed, pp. 215-219; W. Bright, nn, 6, 54; Thos. Jackson, vol. VII. pp. 468-472, 490-502, 507-511.

15 Isa. liii. 6, 11, 12; 2 Cor. v. 21; Gal. iii. 13; Heb. ix. 28; 1 St. Pet. ii. 24.

16 I Cor. v. 7; Heb. x. 11-12.

17 Rom. iii. 25: v. 10-11; 2 Cor. v. 18-21; Ephes. ii. 15-18; Col. i. 20-22; Heb. ii. 17; 1 St. John ii. 2; iv. 10.

18 Heb. ix. 12.

19 Ephes. ii. 18: v. 27; Col. i. 21-22; Heb. ii. 17-18; iv. 14-16; vii. 24-25; ix. 24.

20 Heb. ii. 10-11; v. 8-10; Revel, v. 6.

21 Cf. Q. 150, in vol. III. 1 Cor. xi. 24-26. St. Thomas, III. xlix. 5-6; W. Milligan, Ascension. pp. 127-142, 264-268, 307-313; P.G. Medd, §72. A.J. Mason. Faith of the Gospel, chh, vi. 19 and vii. 3. H.N. Oxenham, Cath. Doctr. of the Atonement, pp. 379 et seq.

Posted by AKMA at August 22, 2005 07:20 PM